Ftp For Mac Yosemite

  • Cute FTP Mac Professional is the most advanced Mac FTP client available. It's Mac OS X Universal ready, has a multi-threaded thin 'Metal' (Cocoa) interface, powerful automation features,.
  • It is a beautiful FTP/FTPS & SFTP client designed exclusively for OS X Yosemite. The application offers support for multiple FTP windows and connections. The tool provides Dual-pane (local and remote view) or Single-pane (remote) views.

From your Mac desktop or Finder, hit Command+K to pull up the “Connect to Server” window.

The Apple Filing Protocol (AFP), formerly AppleTalk Filing Protocol, is a proprietarynetwork protocol, and part of the Apple File Service (AFS), that offers file services for macOS and the classic Mac OS. In macOS, AFP is one of several file services supported, with others including Server Message Block (SMB), Network File System (NFS), File Transfer Protocol (FTP), and WebDAV. AFP currently supports Unicode file names, POSIX and access control list permissions, resource forks, named extended attributes, and advanced file locking. In Mac OS 9 and earlier, AFP was the primary protocol for file services.


AFP versions 3.0 and greater rely exclusively on TCP/IP (port 548) for establishing communication, supporting AppleTalk only as a service discovery protocol. The AFP 2.x family supports both TCP/IP (using Data Stream Interface) and AppleTalk for communication and service discovery. Many third-party AFP implementations use AFP 2.x, thereby supporting AppleTalk as a connection method. Still earlier versions rely exclusively on AppleTalk. For this reason, some older literature refers to AFP as 'AppleTalk Filing Protocol'. Other literature may refer to AFP as 'AppleShare', the name of the Mac OS 9 (and earlier) AFP client.

Notable current compatibility topics are:

  1. Mac OS X v10.4 and later eliminates support for AFP servers that rely solely on AppleTalk for communication.
  2. Computers using classic Mac OS can connect to AFP 3.x servers, with some limitations. For example, the maximum file size in Mac OS 8 is 2 gigabytes. Typically, Mac OS 9.1 or later is recommended for connecting to AFP 3.x servers; for versions of original Mac OS prior to 9.1, installation of the AppleShare client 3.8.8 is required.
  3. AFP 3.0 and later is required for network home directories, since Mac OS X requires POSIX permissions on user home directories. Single sign-on using Kerberos requires AFP 3.1.
  4. APFS: AFP is incompatible with sharing of APFS volumes but is still usable as a Time Machine destination in High Sierra.


Early implementations of AFP server software were available in Mac OS starting with System 6, in AppleShare and AppleShare IP, and in early '1.x' releases of Mac OS X Server. In client operating systems, AFP was called 'Personal File Sharing', and supported up to ten simultaneous connections.[1] These AFP implementations relied on version 1.x or 2.x of the protocol. AppleShare IP 5.x, 6.x, and the '1.x' releases of Mac OS X Server introduced AFP version 2.2. This was the first version to offer transport connections using TCP/IP as well as AppleTalk. It also increased the maximum share point size from four gibibytes to two tebibytes,[1] although the maximum file size that could be stored remained at two gibibytes due to limitations in the original Mac OS.[2]


Changes made in AFP since version 3.0 represent major advances in the protocol, introducing features designed specifically for Mac OS X clients.

However, like the AppleShare client in original Mac OS, the AFP client in Mac OS X continues to support type and creator codes, along with filename extensions.

Ftp For Mac Yosemite Installer

AFP 3.0 was introduced in Mac OS X Server 10.0.3, and was used through Mac OS X Server 10.1.5. It was the first version to use the UNIX-style POSIX permissions model and Unicode UTF-8 file name encodings. Version 3.0 supported a maximum share point and file size of two tebibytes, the maximum file size and volume size for Mac OS X until version 10.2.[3] (Note that the maximum file size changed from version 2.2, described above.) Before AFP 3.0, 31 bytes was the maximum length of a filename sent over AFP.

AFP 3.1 was introduced in Mac OS X Server version 10.2. Notable changes included support for Kerberos authentication, automatic client reconnect, NFS resharing, and secure AFP connections via Secure Shell (SSH). The maximum share point and file size increased to 8 tebibytes with Mac OS X Server 10.2,[3][4] and then to 16 tebibytes with Mac OS X Server 10.3.[3][5]

AFP 3.2 adds support for Access Control Lists and extended attributes in Mac OS X Server 10.4. Maximum share point size is at least 16 tebibytes, although Apple has not published a limits document for Mac OS X Server 10.4.

AFP 3.2+ was introduced in Mac OS X Leopard and adds case sensitivity support and improves support for Time Machine (synchronization, lock stealing, and sleep notifications).

AFP 3.3 mandates support for Replay Cache functionality (required for Time Machine).

AFP 3.4, introduced in OS X Mountain Lion, includes a minor change in the mapping of POSIX errors to AFP errors.

See Apple's Developer documentation on AFP Version Differences.[6]

The macOS client[edit]

In Mac OS X Tiger, users can connect to AFP servers by browsing for them in the Network globe or entering an AFP Uniform Resource Locator (URL) into the Connect to Server dialog. In Mac OS X Leopard and later releases, AFP shares are displayed in the Finder side-bar. AFP URLs take the form: afp://⟨server⟩/⟨share⟩, where ⟨server⟩ is the server's IP address, Domain Name System (DNS) name, or Bonjour name, and ⟨share⟩ is the name of the share point. In Snow Leopard and later, a URL of the form afp://⟨server⟩/⟨share⟩/⟨path⟩ can be used to mount a subdirectory underneath a share point.

macOS also offers Personal File Sharing, a 'light' implementation of the current version of AFP. In Mac OS X 10.4, users can share the contents of their Public folders by checking Personal File Sharing in the Sharing section of System Preferences.

Ftp Application For Mac

AFP URLs for AppleTalk servers took the form: afp://at/⟨AppleTalk name⟩:⟨AppleTalk zone⟩. For networks without AppleTalk zones, an asterisk (*) would be substituted for the zone name.

Third-party implementations[edit]

Third party server implementations of AFP are available from a number of companies.

  • An open source AFP server called Netatalk (AFP 3.4) is available for Unix-like operating systems and integrated into NAS solutions including Buffalo NAS systems, Exanet ExaStore,[7]Iomega's Home Media Network Hard Drive,[8] IXsystems FreeNAS, LaCie NAS OS, Lime Technology unRAID,[9] Napp-it,[10] Netgear ReadyNAS, QNAP NAS, Synology DiskStation, Thecus NAS,[11] and more.[12][13] Netatalk v3.1, released 2013-10-28, adds Spotlight support.[14][15]
  • Novell Open Enterprise Server supports AFP.
  • Microsoft includes AFP 2.2 server support as an option in some versions of Windows (NT, 2000 & 2003). Windows NT Server (3 and 4) only supported AppleTalk, 2000 added AppleShare over IP; Services for Macintosh (SFM), was removed from Windows Server 2008 onwards.
  • Novell's NetWare supports AFP.
  • HELIOS UB+ supports AFP on a whole array of different Unix based platforms.
  • The open sourceFilesystem in Userspace (FUSE) and command-line client implementation afpfs-ng for Linux and Unix-like operating systems
  • GroupLogicExtremeZ-IP (AFP 3.3) and MacServerIP for Windows offer AFP 3.x support - now AcronisAccess Connect.
  • A few NAS solutions support AFP independently implemented (see also Netatalk solutions above): Adaptec's Snap Server (AFP 3.1), and Apple's AirPort Time Capsule (AFP 3.2).
  • Jaffer is a Java implementation of Appletalk File Protocol v3.1.
  • Xinet from North Plains Systems offers an AFP platform that can run on most Unix based platforms. One of their products, ka-share, has been a main stay on SolarisSPARC and Silicon GraphicsIRIX platforms.
  • Columbia AppleTalk Protocol (CAP) was an open source implementation of AFP and AppleTalk from Columbia University that has been discontinued and has fallen out of use.
  • supported by GVfs through gfvs-afp-volume-monitor[16]

See also[edit]


  1. ^ ab'AppleShare & AppleShare IP File Sharing: Chart of All Limitations'. Retrieved 2012-06-10.
  2. ^'Mac OS 8, 9: Mac OS Extended Format - Volume and File Limits'. Retrieved 2012-06-10.
  3. ^ abc'Mac OS X: Mac OS Extended Format - Volume and File Limits'. Retrieved 2012-06-10.
  4. ^'Mac OS X Server 10.2: Tested and theoretical maximums (limits)'. Retrieved 2012-06-10.
  5. ^'Mac OS X Server 10.3: Tested and theoretical maximums (limits)'. Retrieved 2012-06-10.
  6. ^'Apple's Developer documentation on AFP Version Differences'. Retrieved 2011-09-15.
  7. ^P. V. Anthony (2005-09-19). 'Netatalk / Re: [Netatalk-admins] Video Editing'. netatalk-admins (Mailing list). Retrieved 2019-02-17.
  8. ^'Serial port (Home Media)'. NAS-Central Iomega Wiki. Archived from the original on 2018-08-17. Retrieved 2019-02-17.
  9. ^'Release Notes'. unRAID Wiki. Retrieved 2019-02-17.
  10. ^'napp-it // webbed ZFS NAS/SAN appliance for OmniOS, OpenIndiana and Solaris : Extensions'. Retrieved 2019-02-17.
  11. ^'N0204 beta firmware V3.00.10.1'. Thecus. Retrieved 2019-02-17.
  12. ^Ralph Böhme (September 22, 2011). 'Status of Netatalk and AFP support by NAS vendor, update'. Retrieved 2019-02-17.
  13. ^Ralph Böhme (January 18, 2011). 'Status of Netatalk and AFP support by NAS vendor'. Retrieved 2019-02-17.
  14. ^'Netatalk Release Notes'. Retrieved 2014-01-02.
  15. ^'11. Sharing'. FreeNAS® 11.2-U3 User Guide. 11.1. Apple (AFP) Shares. Retrieved 2014-01-02.
  16. ^'Back-ends for GVfs'.

External links[edit]

Retrieved from 'https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Apple_Filing_Protocol&oldid=982629332'
FTP went away in OS X Lion Server (kinda’) and now it’s back in OS X Mountain Lion Server (kinda’). Instead of sharing out each directory the new incantation of the FTP service allows administrators to share a single directory out. This directory can be any share that has previously been configured in the File Sharing service or a website configured in the Websites service.To setup FTP, first open the Server app and then click on the FTP service.Once open, use the Share: drop-down list to select a share that already exists (output of sharing -l basically) and click on one of the shares or Custom to create a new share for FTP. Then, set the permissions as appropriate on the share and hit the ON button for the FTP service.Now, let’s test from a client. I like to use the ftp command line interface built into OS X. To test, type ftp followed by the address of the site (and I like to put the username followed by @ before the hostname, as follows:ftp [email protected]When prompted, provide a password. Then, assuming your get the following, you’re in:230 User robin logged in.Remote system type is UNIXUsing binary mode to transfer files. Here, type ls to see a list of the directories contents. Or pwd to see what directory you are in (relative to the root of the ftp share). And of course, type get followed by the name of a file to transfer it locally:get myfile.txtOpen a terminal window on the server and let’s look at the few options you have to configure FTP from the command line. We already discussed sharing -l to see a list of the available shares. Additionally, you can use the serveradmin command, where ftp is the name of the service. Let’s look at the status of the service, first:sudo serveradmin fullstatus ftpNow let’s look at status:sudo serveradmin status ftpSame thing, right? Let’s look at all the settings:sudo serveradmin settings ftpIf you have spaces in the name of a share that you configure from the Server app the thing will fail. Good stuff, so use serveradmin to manually set shares with spaces or other special characters in the names:sudo serveradmin settings ftp:DocumentRoot = '/Shared Items/Krypted'Overall, this ftp implementation is meant for users who just need to access their web server where all the files live in a web root of some sort. Otherwise, I’d still recommend most people use a third party tool. But if you just need to log into one share and you don’t need a lot of fancy features on top of your protocols that haven’t changed much since 1985 then this implementation will still work for ya’ without any extra work.Since we mentioned 1985, let’s look at some other things that are as old, although perhaps not as dated:

Ftp Server Mac Yosemite

  • Back To the Future is Released
  • Coke introduces one of the largest marketing fails of all time, New Coke. It is so bad it opens a hole in the Ozone, also discovered in this year by Al Gore
  • Rambo Part II and Rocky Part IV come out, Sly doesn’t come out
  • Mad Max Beyond Thunderdome teaches us that Tina Turner’s still got it – Bill Schroeder doesn’t have it, no relation to Ricky, he leaves the hospital part-cyborg with the first artificial heart.
  • A View To A Kill finally ends the Roger Moore era of James Bond. Computer nerds, keep in mind, he saved Silicon Valley. This movie had Christopher Walken and Duran Duran. What more could you ask for? Oh, right – Tanya Roberts! Oh, and Thomas Patrick Cavanaugh actually gets life for being a real spy.
  • Since Police Academy was a hit, the producers figured they’d screw it up by making a second movie: Police Academy 2 comes out
  • After watching Cocoon I now know I’ll never have to grow old, so I can treat my body however I want…
  • The unabomber is at the half way point of his career with 2 bombings this year, The Rainbow Warrior sinks (no known relation to the unabomber, unless he was a French antieco-terrorist), flight 847 is hijacked and Gorbachev becomes the leader of the largest pain in President Reagan’s bung hole: Russia (OMG Commies – Run!!!). In order to pay for the tail end of the cold war, Reagan lowers taxes and sends America into debt for the first time since 1914, a debt we are still in (evil Democrats, always incurring more American debt!). Meanwhile, Margaret Thatcher has shoulder pads surgically implanted because health care is free in Great Britain and all. Actually, National Health Service contributes little to England’s national debt, which was about as low in percentage of GDP as it had been since before WWI under her and due to her terms as PM. It was at its highest in the early 1800s, far before shoulder pads were in fashion… Having said that, the US, who went into debt for the first time had to sell Reagan’s autobiography rights in order to pay for his colon surgery since there’s not NHS here… He could have asked Gotti, who became the leader of the Gambinos in 1985 for a loan, but I hear he was too busy playing Tetris, which also came out in 1985…
  • British Telecom phases out red telephone boxes – almost as a result a single season of Dr. Who airs on TV.
  • In 1985, Paul Simon, Stevie Wonder, Ray Charles, Bob Dylan, Michael Jackson, Billy Joel, Cyndi Lauper, Willie Nelson, Lionel Richie, Smokey Robinson, Kenny Rogers, Diana Ross, Paul Simon, Bruce Springsteen, Tina Turner, Daryl Hall, Kenny Loggins, Huey Lewis and of course Al Jarreau sang We Are The World. Prince wouldn’t show and Waylon Jennings stormed out. Jane Fonda hosted a HBO special in between workout videos. Live Aid happens too, and is far cooler. But, at least Rich Ramirez (the Night Stalker) got nabbed in LA.
  • Top singles on the charts include Madonna, Wham!, Simple Minds, Duran Duran, Phil Collins, Dire Straits, Starship, Lionel Richie, Foreigner and REO Speedwagon.
  • Top TV shows include the sweaters from the Cosby Show, Family Ties, Murder She Wrote, Dynasty, The Golden Girls, Miami Vice, Cheers, Knots Landing, Growing Pains and of course, DALLAS
  • The Ford Taurus and the Mercury Sable bring a new low point to American automobile engineering – luckily The Nintendo came out and no one cared for a decade or more…
  • The Commodore Amiga is launched.
  • The Free Software Foundation is founded by rms, author of great cookie recipes, tips on women and GNU Manifestos.
  • And most importantly, Steve Jobs starts NeXT